What is the SMI 20 index?
The Swiss Market Index 20 (SMI 20) is a stock market index that represents the 20 largest and most liquid companies listed on the Swiss Exchange (SIX Swiss Exchange). The SMI 20 is designed to provide a snapshot of the overall performance of the Swiss equity market by tracking the price movements of these 20 blue-chip stocks.
The selection of companies included in the SMI 20 is based on factors such as market capitalisation, trading volume, and industry representation. Some of the well-known companies in the index include UBS, Logitech, Roche, Swiss Life, and Nestlé. The index is reviewed periodically to ensure that it accurately reflects the Swiss market's composition and relevance.
What affects the price of the SMI 20 index?
The price of the SMI 20 index is influenced by a variety of factors, including:
- Individual company performance: The performance and financial results of the individual companies listed in the SMI 20 have a direct impact on the index. Positive earnings reports, revenue growth, or other positive developments from the constituent companies can drive the index higher. Likewise, negative news or inferior performance can lead to a decline.
- Macroeconomic factors: Economic conditions play a significant role in the movement of the SMI 20. Factors such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth, interest rates, inflation, unemployment rates, and consumer confidence can impact the overall market sentiment, which in turn affects the index.
- Geopolitical events: Political and geopolitical events, such as elections, changes in government policies, trade disputes, or major international conflicts, can create uncertainty in the market and influence investor sentiment. Any significant developments in these areas can impact the companies in the SMI 20 and therefore the index.
- Market sentiment and investor confidence: Investor sentiment, emotions, and confidence in the market can influence the index. Positive sentiment and high investor confidence tend to push the index upward, while negative sentiment and low confidence can lead to declines.
- Global market trends: Significant market movement in major international markets such as the United States, Europe, or Asia can have a spillover effect on the SMI 20.
- Currency movements: Since the SMI 20 is composed of Swiss companies, fluctuations in the Swiss franc can impact the index. Currency movements can affect the competitiveness and profitability of Swiss companies, which can subsequently influence their stock prices and the overall index.
- Sector news: News and developments related to the sectors represented in the SMI 20 – such as regulatory changes and industry-specific reports and recommendations – have the potential to influence the performance of the respective companies and, in turn, the index.
What to watch out for when trading the SMI 20 index?
When trading the SMI 20 index, traders monitor key events that have the potential to impact the index's price. Here are some things to watch for:
- Corporate earnings reports from SMI-listed companies, such as Roche, Swiss Life, and Nestlé
- Monetary policy announcements from the Swiss National Bank (SNB)
- SNB and eurozone interest rate decisions
- Switzerland’s GDP figures
- Swiss manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI)
- Swiss Trade Balance, employment numbers, and retail sales data